Hindus across the world celebrate Diwali in honor of the return of Lord Rama, his wife Sita and his brother Lakshmana from exile of 14 years after Rama defeated Ravana. To honor the return of Lord Rama, Sita and Lakshmana from Lanka and to illuminate their path, villagers light Diyas to celebrate the triumph of good over evil. For some, Diwali also celebrates the return of Pandavas after 12 years of Vanvas and one year of "Agyatavas" in Mahabharata.
On the same night that Hindus celebrate Diwali, Jains celebrate a festival also called Dipawali to mark the attainment of moksha by Mahavira, Sikhs celebrate Bandi Chhor Divas to mark the release of Guru Hargobind from a Mughal Empire prison.
The festival preparations and rituals typically extend over a five-day period, but the main festival night of Diwali coincides with the darkest, new moon night of the Hindu Lunisolar month Kartika in Bikram Sambat calendar. Before Diwali night, people clean, renovate, and decorate their homes and offices. People also decorate Rangoli outside their house.
On Diwali night, people dress up in new clothes or their best outfit, light up diyas (lamps and candles) inside and outside their home, participate in family puja(prayers) typically to Lakshmi – the goddess of fertility and prosperity. After puja, fireworks follow,then a family feast including mithai (sweets) and an exchange of gifts between family members and close friends. Deepavali also marks a major shopping period inIndia.
The name of festival days as well as the rituals of Diwali vary significantly among Hindus, based on the region of India.
In many parts of India, the festivities start with Dhanteras (in Northern and Western part of India), followed by Naraka Chaturdasi on the second day, Deepavali on the third day, Diwali Padva dedicated to wife–husband relationship on the fourth day, and festivities end with Bhai Dooj dedicated to sister–brother bond on the fifth day.
Short information (article) is created by students of medical faculty 3 Group 51 4-th year: Prajapati Saurabh; Thakur Amisha; Modgil Rishabh; Gamit Ankita; Joddar Anonya; Kumar Rahul; Kalita Partha; Vaghela Viraj; Thakur Deepika; Agnihotri Samriti; Sharma Mahima; Velani Dixitby.
Supervized by assistant of dermatovenereology department Yulia Karvatska.